Exercise: Horizontal and vertical lines (page 74)

“The aim of this exercise is to find some of the different ways in which horizontal and vertical lines appear to the eye”

Horizontals

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The main horizontal lines in the photo above are the steps but even in the background there are many horizontal lines running through the buildings.

“man-made flat surfaces”


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In the photo above the horizontal lines of the table and benches overpower those of the flagstones.

“man-made flat surfaces”


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The horizontal lines in the building are more powerful than the vertical lines and the horizontal line of the rowing boat reinforces this.


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Although there are some vertical lines in the masts the eye is caught more by the horizontal lines of the boats even though the lines are not continuous.

Verticals

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In the photo above the verticals are much more dominant than the horizontals in the background.

“walls, posts and other man-made structures”

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Again in the photo above the verticals are more dominant than any horizontals.

“walls, posts and other man-made structures”

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The same sort of framing as an earlier photo with dominant vertical lines.

“walls, posts and other man-made structures”

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The verticals in the foreground are very dominant.

“walls, posts and other man-made structures”

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In the above photo the boats are not so much in line and so it is the verticals of the masts which dominate.

A bit like the “tree trunks” category.

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There is a diagonal of the barrier but the verticals of the masts and the lamp posts are much more powerful.

A bit like the “tree trunks” category.

Horizontals 

From the list on page 75 of the course book I used

“man-made flat surfaces” – the steps in the first photo and the table and benches in 2nd photo.

“a mass of objects seen from a low angle” – possibly the photo of the boats in the harbour (4th photo)

Verticals

From the list on page 75 of the course book I used

“walls, posts and other man-made structures” – pictures 1, 3 and 4

“tree trunks” – the masts in photos 5 and 6 are a bit like this.

I also took a photo of a railway line which I didn’t include as I had already included more than the stipulated number of photos but this would have fitted the descriptor:

“a road or path seen end-on from a high viewpoint”

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